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Destination Details

Croatia

At the time of the great Wanderings of the Peoples, the barbaric tribes destroyed the Roman colonies. That what the Goths left of Mursa in the 4th c. A.D. was annihilated by the Huns in A.D. 441. After the Gepidae, Langobards, Avars, Franks and Bulgars, the Croats established a colony here at the beginning of the 7th c. A.D. This region was also a part of the independent Croatian state in the 9th c. A.D. up to 1102, when the Croats accepted the Magyar King Coloman as the sovereign of the common Croato-Ugric state subsequent to the death of the last Croatian king. The Crusades and many pilgrims heading for Jerusalem followed the routes of this region. In the Middle Ages, this region was possessed by the mighty noble families of Gorjanskis, Korogs, Morovićs and others. At that time, the city of Đakovo became the seat of the Bosnian bishop, who took shelter at his Đakovo estate because of the heretics and the assault of the Turks.

Lead by the Sultan Suleiman II Kanuni, the Turkish army conquered Osijek in 1526, having subsequently established its rule over the whole region. At that time, they constructed a world-famous great bridge, burnt by the Croatian knight Nikola Zrinski upon the breakthrough of his army to Osijek in 1664. Thanks to the important routes that connected the north and the south of the continent, the trade flourished at that time. In 1687, the Austrian army expelled the Turks from Osijek and then from the whole region.

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